Demographics of Laval, Quebec

Overview
Population, 2021

438,366

3.6%
Population, 2016: 422,993
Land area in square kilometres, 2021: 246.13
Population density per square kilometre, 2021: 1781
Knowledge of official languages
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($)
$51,120
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($)
$41,880
Average total income of household in 2020 ($)
$102,900
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($)
$84,300
Labour (25% Sample Data)
Employment rate
60%
Unemployment rate
8.6%
Participation rate
65.6%
Labour force population aged 15 years and over by NOC 2021 (25% Sample Data)
Journey to Work (25% Sample Data)
Housing (25% Sample Data)
Average value of dwellings ($)
$451,600
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)
$1,374
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)
$1,003
Population
Population, 2021 438,366
Population, 2016 422,993
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 3.60%
Total private dwellings, 2021 176,115
Total private dwellings, 2016 165,686
Total private dwellings percentage change, 2016 to 2021 6.30%
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents, 2021 169,785
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents, 2016 160,328
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents percentage change, 2016 to 2021 5.90%
Land area in square kilometres, 2021 246
Population density per square kilometre, 2021 1,781
National population rank, 2021 14
Province/territory population rank, 2021 3
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data 429,555
Official languages 420,445
English 285,720
French 395,160
Non-official languages 211,240
Income
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 354,415
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 341,705
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) $51,120
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 341,775
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) $41,880
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 305,790
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) $45,520
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 252,605
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) $46,160
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 283,085
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) $12,520
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 39,265
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) $6,810
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 114,725
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) $8,810
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 354,410
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data 119,565
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($) $60,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($) $71,100
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data 104,120
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) $17,200
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) $26,440
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.00%
Market income (%) 79.80%
Employment income (%) 66.80%
Government transfers (%) 20.30%
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.50%
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.50%
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.80%
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 354,415
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 333,715
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) $48,520
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 333,845
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) $39,520
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 301,575
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) $46,160
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 252,040
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) $46,760
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 253,870
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) $8,960
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 29,270
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) $7,300
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 354,410
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data 118,955
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($) $56,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($) $67,100
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data 97,565
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) $23,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) $32,200
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.00%
Market income (%) 86.00%
Employment income (%) 72.80%
Government transfers (%) 14.00%
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.30%
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data 169,785
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) $102,900
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) $84,300
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 47,390
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) $52,150
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) $43,000
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 122,390
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) $122,500
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) $100,300
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data 119,445
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) $123,100
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) $100,700
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,815
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) $104,700
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) $84,600
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 58,390
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) $148,000
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) $120,700
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 19,205
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) $87,000
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) $74,200
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data 55,245
Average total income in 2020 ($) $50,120
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($) $41,520
Immigration and citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data 429,555
Canadian citizens 399,715
Canadian citizens aged under 18 86,035
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 313,685
Not Canadian citizens 29,835
Housing
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data 169,785
Owner 113,005
Renter 56,785
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data 169,785
Condominium 30,885
Not condominium 138,900
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data 169,785
No bedrooms 650
1 bedroom 21,050
2 bedrooms 50,725
3 bedrooms 62,515
4 or more bedrooms 34,850
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data 169,785
1 to 4 rooms 57,850
5 rooms 27,000
6 rooms 21,630
7 rooms 21,025
8 or more rooms 42,280
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data 169,785
1960 or before 24,055
1961 to 1980 55,530
1981 to 1990 28,535
1991 to 2000 20,160
2001 to 2005 11,920
2006 to 2010 12,175
2011 to 2015 8,975
2016 to 2021 8,430
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data 169,785
15 to 24 years 2,355
25 to 34 years 17,850
35 to 44 years 29,365
45 to 54 years 35,600
55 to 64 years 37,245
65 to 74 years 25,700
75 to 84 years 15,790
85 years and over 5,880
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data 169,240
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 139,895
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 29,340
30% to less than 100% 27,560
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 112,950
% of owner households with a mortgage 65.50%
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs 11.90%
% in core housing need 2.20%
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($) $1,330
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($) $1,374
Median value of dwellings ($) $400,000
Average value of dwellings ($) $451,600
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($) $910
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($) $1,003
Education
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 354,410
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 69,915
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate 284,505
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data 228,815
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 29,675
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate 199,145
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 354,415
No certificate, diploma or degree 62,995
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate 78,405
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 213,015
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 124,905
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 45,560
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma 32,700
Apprenticeship certificate 12,860
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 63,250
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 16,100
Bachelor’s degree or higher 88,110
Bachelor's degree 57,440
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 9,620
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 2,200
Master's degree 16,400
Earned doctorate 2,455
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data 228,815
No certificate, diploma or degree 24,970
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate 40,040
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 163,805
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 90,045
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 34,510
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma 24,910
Apprenticeship certificate 9,605
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 43,545
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 11,995
Bachelor’s degree or higher 73,755
Bachelor's degree 48,035
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 8,070
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 1,720
Master's degree 13,935
Earned doctorate 1,995
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 354,415
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 141,400
Education 13,220
13. Education 13,220
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 7,320
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 1,225
50. Visual and performing arts 6,095
Humanities 11,810
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 1,910
23. English language and literature/letters 1,015
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 5,865
30A Interdisciplinary humanities 85
38. Philosophy and religious studies 350
39. Theology and religious vocations 360
54. History 665
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 1,560
Social and behavioural sciences and law 23,625
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 225
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 2,315
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 4,275
22. Legal professions and studies 4,570
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences 495
42. Psychology 3,180
45. Social sciences 8,560
Business, management and public administration 55,355
30.16 Accounting and computer science 65
44. Public administration and social service professions 1,915
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 53,375
Physical and life sciences and technologies 10,090
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 3,395
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 1,780
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences 1,740
40. Physical sciences 2,715
41. Science technologies/technicians 455
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 10,505
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 8,920
25. Library science 515
27. Mathematics and statistics 925
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences 150
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 41,335
04. Architecture and related services 1,775
14. Engineering 12,740
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 7,955
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0
46. Construction trades 7,770
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 7,755
48. Precision production 3,340
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 2,250
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields 1,810
03. Natural resources and conservation 440
Health and related fields 24,995
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 1,175
51. Health professions and related programs 23,215
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 25
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 575
Personal, protective and transportation services 12,505
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 7,130
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 10
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 45
43. Security and protective services 2,430
49. Transportation and materials moving 2,885
Other 10
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data 228,815
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 65,010
Education 9,485
13. Education 9,485
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 5,600
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 890
50. Visual and performing arts 4,720
Humanities 7,620
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 1,490
23. English language and literature/letters 835
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 3,135
30A Interdisciplinary humanities 60
38. Philosophy and religious studies 250
39. Theology and religious vocations 230
54. History 480
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 1,140
Social and behavioural sciences and law 18,145
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 180
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 1,875
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 3,410
22. Legal professions and studies 3,580
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences 345
42. Psychology 2,330
45. Social sciences 6,430
Business, management and public administration 44,355
30.16 Accounting and computer science 45
44. Public administration and social service professions 1,455
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 42,860
Physical and life sciences and technologies 6,490
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 2,815
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 1,005
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences 355
40. Physical sciences 2,035
41. Science technologies/technicians 280
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 9,095
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 7,950
25. Library science 385
27. Mathematics and statistics 675
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences 90
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 32,425
04. Architecture and related services 1,390
14. Engineering 11,045
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 6,050
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0
46. Construction trades 5,840
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 5,795
48. Precision production 2,300
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,795
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields 1,470
03. Natural resources and conservation 320
Health and related fields 19,150
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 880
51. Health professions and related programs 17,795
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 20
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 455
Personal, protective and transportation services 9,640
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 5,375
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 10
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 35
43. Security and protective services 1,860
49. Transportation and materials moving 2,365
Other 0
Labour
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data 354,415
In the labour force 232,550
Employed 212,515
Unemployed 20,035
Not in the labour force 121,865
Participation rate 65.60%
Employment rate 60.00%
Unemployment rate 8.60%
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data 354,415
Did not work 122,885
Worked 231,530
Worked full year full time 122,025
Worked part year and/or part time 109,510
Average weeks worked in reference year 41
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data 232,545
Class of worker - not applicable 5,355
All classes of workers 227,190
Employee 198,190
Permanent position 170,475
Temporary position 27,715
Fixed term (1 year or more) 10,345
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 17,365
Self-employed 29,000
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data 232,545
Occupation - not applicable 5,355
All occupations 227,190
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 4,375
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 46,570
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 20,770
3 Health occupations 17,625
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 25,755
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 5,950
6 Sales and service occupations 62,970
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 33,050
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,395
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 8,735
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data 232,545
Industry - not applicable 5,355
All industries 227,190
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 790
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 230
22 Utilities 1,515
23 Construction 13,825
31-33 Manufacturing 21,950
41 Wholesale trade 11,150
44-45 Retail trade 30,670
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 14,200
51 Information and cultural industries 4,930
52 Finance and insurance 11,640
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 3,755
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 19,430
55 Management of companies and enterprises 500
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 10,215
61 Educational services 16,640
62 Health care and social assistance 30,675
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2,620
72 Accommodation and food services 12,285
81 Other services (except public administration) 9,365
91 Public administration 10,805
Journey to Work
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data 212,515
Worked at home 48,390
Worked outside Canada 410
No fixed workplace address 22,815
Usual place of work 140,900
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data 140,900
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 64,590
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 0
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 76,110
Commute to a different province or territory 205
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data 163,715
Car, truck or van 137,570
Car, truck or van - as a driver 128,855
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 8,720
Public transit 18,555
Walked 4,365
Bicycle 785
Other method 2,435
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data 163,715
Less than 15 minutes 33,175
15 to 29 minutes 62,485
30 to 44 minutes 40,375
45 to 59 minutes 14,920
60 minutes and over 12,760
Language of Work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data 246,815
English 18,850
French 118,320
Non-official language 1,085
Indigenous 0
Non-Indigenous 1,085
English and French 98,825
English and non-official language(s) 1,570
French and non-official language(s) 1,670
English, French and non-official language(s) 6,450
Multiple non-official languages 45
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data 246,815
Official languages 217,570
English 43,085
French 174,485
Non-official languages 2,250
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data 408,335
Non-movers 268,195
Movers 140,140
Non-migrants 60,165
Migrants 79,975
Internal migrants 63,670
Intraprovincial migrants 61,420
Interprovincial migrants 2,250
External migrants 16,305
CareerBeacon obtains its data from 3rd party services and cannot verify its accuracy. The information contained on this page is intended to be used for informational purposes only and should not be used to replace legal authority. The information contained in the demographic reports should not be relied upon for determining career and/or relocation decisions.