Demographics of Halifax, Nova Scotia

Overview
Population, 2021

439,819

9.1%
Population, 2016: 403,131
Land area in square kilometres, 2021: 5475.57
Population density per square kilometre, 2021: 80.3
Knowledge of official languages
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($)
$52,900
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($)
$42,800
Average total income of household in 2020 ($)
$99,200
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($)
$80,300
Labour (25% Sample Data)
Employment rate
58.1%
Unemployment rate
11.4%
Participation rate
65.5%
Labour force population aged 15 years and over by NOC 2021 (25% Sample Data)
Journey to Work (25% Sample Data)
Housing (25% Sample Data)
Average value of dwellings ($)
$403,600
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)
$1,386
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)
$1,251
Population
Population, 2021 439,819
Population, 2016 403,131
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 9.10%
Total private dwellings, 2021 200,473
Total private dwellings, 2016 187,338
Total private dwellings percentage change, 2016 to 2021 7.00%
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents, 2021 190,512
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents, 2016 173,324
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents percentage change, 2016 to 2021 9.90%
Land area in square kilometres, 2021 5,476
Population density per square kilometre, 2021 80
National population rank, 2021 13
Province/territory population rank, 2021 1
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data 435,290
Official languages 432,760
English 432,420
French 53,690
Non-official languages 66,460
Income
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 370,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 357,325
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) $52,900
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 357,560
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) $42,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 324,265
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) $49,120
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 265,120
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) $48,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 274,955
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) $10,830
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 37,010
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) $6,620
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 94,895
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) $9,000
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 370,350
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data 134,115
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($) $62,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($) $71,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data 100,890
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) $16,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) $26,000
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.00%
Market income (%) 84.20%
Employment income (%) 67.60%
Government transfers (%) 15.80%
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.30%
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.10%
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.50%
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 370,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 348,810
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) $50,880
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 349,180
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) $40,960
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 320,380
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) $49,560
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 265,060
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) $48,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 236,865
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) $7,930
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 28,460
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) $7,450
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 370,350
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data 133,145
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($) $58,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($) $67,600
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data 94,830
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) $20,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) $32,080
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.00%
Market income (%) 89.40%
Employment income (%) 72.20%
Government transfers (%) 10.60%
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.20%
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data 190,505
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) $99,200
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) $80,300
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 56,965
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) $51,400
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) $41,920
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 133,540
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) $119,600
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) $96,700
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data 122,470
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) $121,700
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) $97,700
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 52,555
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) $112,200
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) $89,800
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 47,290
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) $151,600
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) $119,900
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,400
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) $74,900
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) $64,700
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data 87,870
Average total income in 2020 ($) $45,600
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($) $37,920
Immigration and citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data 435,295
Canadian citizens 395,665
Canadian citizens aged under 18 71,490
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 324,175
Not Canadian citizens 39,625
Housing
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data 190,505
Owner 109,540
Renter 80,965
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data 190,505
Condominium 12,475
Not condominium 178,035
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data 190,505
No bedrooms 1,470
1 bedroom 29,525
2 bedrooms 52,005
3 bedrooms 65,015
4 or more bedrooms 42,490
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data 190,505
1 to 4 rooms 58,555
5 rooms 27,350
6 rooms 25,595
7 rooms 23,305
8 or more rooms 55,705
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data 190,505
1960 or before 34,670
1961 to 1980 50,975
1981 to 1990 27,710
1991 to 2000 26,560
2001 to 2005 13,275
2006 to 2010 12,275
2011 to 2015 11,180
2016 to 2021 13,860
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data 190,505
15 to 24 years 8,985
25 to 34 years 32,610
35 to 44 years 32,490
45 to 54 years 32,220
55 to 64 years 36,580
65 to 74 years 28,115
75 to 84 years 14,615
85 years and over 4,895
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data 190,355
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 148,795
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 41,560
30% to less than 100% 36,055
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 109,505
% of owner households with a mortgage 63.60%
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs 10.80%
% in core housing need 5.00%
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($) $1,290
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($) $1,386
Median value of dwellings ($) $348,000
Average value of dwellings ($) $403,600
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($) $1,170
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($) $1,251
Education
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 370,350
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 50,930
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate 319,425
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data 243,330
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 19,500
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate 223,825
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 370,355
No certificate, diploma or degree 44,735
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate 93,630
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 231,985
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 107,290
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 24,760
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma 13,400
Apprenticeship certificate 11,360
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 73,220
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 9,310
Bachelor’s degree or higher 124,695
Bachelor's degree 81,385
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 7,265
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 3,045
Master's degree 28,345
Earned doctorate 4,650
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data 243,330
No certificate, diploma or degree 16,290
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate 52,070
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 174,965
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 76,240
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 16,470
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma 8,760
Apprenticeship certificate 7,715
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 53,930
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 5,835
Bachelor’s degree or higher 98,730
Bachelor's degree 64,145
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 5,700
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 2,395
Master's degree 23,065
Earned doctorate 3,425
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 370,355
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 138,365
Education 14,250
13. Education 14,250
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 7,490
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 1,020
50. Visual and performing arts 6,470
Humanities 12,740
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 765
23. English language and literature/letters 3,740
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 2,850
30A Interdisciplinary humanities 340
38. Philosophy and religious studies 945
39. Theology and religious vocations 1,025
54. History 2,425
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 645
Social and behavioural sciences and law 27,655
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 405
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 3,145
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 4,330
22. Legal professions and studies 3,965
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences 705
42. Psychology 6,000
45. Social sciences 9,115
Business, management and public administration 54,510
30.16 Accounting and computer science 100
44. Public administration and social service professions 3,415
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 50,990
Physical and life sciences and technologies 12,130
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 5,535
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 2,795
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences 255
40. Physical sciences 3,310
41. Science technologies/technicians 235
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 12,275
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 10,015
25. Library science 840
27. Mathematics and statistics 1,215
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences 200
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 41,980
04. Architecture and related services 1,270
14. Engineering 10,795
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 9,945
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 15
46. Construction trades 9,165
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 7,130
48. Precision production 3,665
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 3,585
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields 1,925
03. Natural resources and conservation 1,665
Health and related fields 32,355
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 2,340
51. Health professions and related programs 28,785
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 105
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 1,120
Personal, protective and transportation services 12,975
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 7,470
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 205
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 400
43. Security and protective services 2,035
49. Transportation and materials moving 2,870
Other 45
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data 243,330
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 68,365
Education 9,335
13. Education 9,335
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,130
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 825
50. Visual and performing arts 5,305
Humanities 9,545
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 570
23. English language and literature/letters 2,915
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 2,135
30A Interdisciplinary humanities 260
38. Philosophy and religious studies 735
39. Theology and religious vocations 650
54. History 1,800
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 475
Social and behavioural sciences and law 22,255
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 300
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 2,750
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 3,480
22. Legal professions and studies 3,200
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences 540
42. Psychology 4,800
45. Social sciences 7,175
Business, management and public administration 40,930
30.16 Accounting and computer science 75
44. Public administration and social service professions 2,565
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 38,295
Physical and life sciences and technologies 8,740
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 4,015
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 2,025
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences 230
40. Physical sciences 2,350
41. Science technologies/technicians 120
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 10,090
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 8,480
25. Library science 590
27. Mathematics and statistics 840
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences 180
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 31,030
04. Architecture and related services 985
14. Engineering 8,255
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 7,275
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0
46. Construction trades 6,750
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 5,120
48. Precision production 2,630
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 2,975
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields 1,555
03. Natural resources and conservation 1,420
Health and related fields 24,200
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 1,795
51. Health professions and related programs 21,460
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 95
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 845
Personal, protective and transportation services 9,700
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 5,535
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 155
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 260
43. Security and protective services 1,605
49. Transportation and materials moving 2,150
Other 40
Labour
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data 370,355
In the labour force 242,690
Employed 215,070
Unemployed 27,620
Not in the labour force 127,665
Participation rate 65.50%
Employment rate 58.10%
Unemployment rate 11.40%
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data 370,355
Did not work 125,325
Worked 245,025
Worked full year full time 137,945
Worked part year and/or part time 107,090
Average weeks worked in reference year 42
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data 242,690
Class of worker - not applicable 4,860
All classes of workers 237,830
Employee 211,830
Permanent position 175,830
Temporary position 35,995
Fixed term (1 year or more) 12,940
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 23,060
Self-employed 26,005
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data 242,690
Occupation - not applicable 4,860
All occupations 237,830
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 3,240
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 43,080
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 22,235
3 Health occupations 21,510
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 35,685
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 8,275
6 Sales and service occupations 61,755
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 34,695
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 2,730
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 4,635
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data 242,690
Industry - not applicable 4,860
All industries 237,830
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,725
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 835
22 Utilities 2,035
23 Construction 16,235
31-33 Manufacturing 10,160
41 Wholesale trade 6,290
44-45 Retail trade 27,065
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 10,575
51 Information and cultural industries 5,850
52 Finance and insurance 12,125
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,190
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 22,110
55 Management of companies and enterprises 410
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 11,575
61 Educational services 20,065
62 Health care and social assistance 32,610
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 4,760
72 Accommodation and food services 14,940
81 Other services (except public administration) 9,330
91 Public administration 24,935
Journey to Work
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data 215,070
Worked at home 59,655
Worked outside Canada 635
No fixed workplace address 24,710
Usual place of work 130,070
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data 130,070
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 125,585
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 60
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 3,285
Commute to a different province or territory 1,140
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data 154,785
Car, truck or van 126,110
Car, truck or van - as a driver 114,120
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 11,990
Public transit 12,540
Walked 11,250
Bicycle 1,145
Other method 3,735
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data 154,785
Less than 15 minutes 47,095
15 to 29 minutes 67,245
30 to 44 minutes 27,645
45 to 59 minutes 6,715
60 minutes and over 6,080
Language of Work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data 261,100
English 249,335
French 1,075
Non-official language 600
Indigenous 0
Non-Indigenous 600
English and French 6,625
English and non-official language(s) 3,235
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 200
Multiple non-official languages 15
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data 261,100
Official languages 258,595
English 256,725
French 1,870
Non-official languages 1,160
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data 415,495
Non-movers 237,185
Movers 178,310
Non-migrants 101,130
Migrants 77,180
Internal migrants 49,965
Intraprovincial migrants 14,880
Interprovincial migrants 35,085
External migrants 27,215
CareerBeacon obtains its data from 3rd party services and cannot verify its accuracy. The information contained on this page is intended to be used for informational purposes only and should not be used to replace legal authority. The information contained in the demographic reports should not be relied upon for determining career and/or relocation decisions.